Report of the October edition of the Advanced Materials Congress 2019



International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM) hosted the October edition of the Advanced Materials Congress 2019 (AMC) in Stockholm, the city of Nobel Prize, from 9th –11th October 2019. IAAM is actively working to bring together researchers, academicians, business giants, and students on one platform to create an extensive awareness in the field of advanced materials science, engineering, and technology. The main objective is to form highly interactive global and collaborative networks that can facilitate the advancement of materials to the next level.

The AMC 2019 October edition was an extensive amalgamation of three important research fields: 1) Advanced Nanomaterials, 2) Graphene and 3) Energy Materials and Technology. As part of this attempt to highlight all the important developments in the world of materials science & technology and to think the ways to translate research into real results, the theme of this coveted congress was kept: “The multi-inter-trans-disciplinary research, innovations, and technology”. Through the prestigious platform of AMC, IAAM gives the budding researchers and scientists the perfect exposure and allows them to get in touch with the best brains of the scientific community. This assembly, too, provided the perfect setting for the professionals from companies to determine the strengths of their competitors and make their mark. The congress served as a golden opportunity for the delegates to showcase and discuss their ideas on a truly global platform and to gain an edge over their competitors.

Each of IAAM’s conferences sets a higher bar for the industry standards both in terms of quality and the format. IAAM conferences are organized in an unprecedented format of Knowledge Experience at Sea”. IAAM came up with this format to give the scientific community a chance to enjoy the solitude and quiet of the Baltic Sea away from the hustle and bustle of their busy lives. With this assembly, IAAM celebrated the 20th edition of this unique format. Through this format, the delegates get a chance to solely focus on the issues and objectives of the conference and delve deep into research. The congress was a three-day event and departed from Stockholm to Helsinki on 09th October and returned to Stockholm on 11th October 2019.

Eminent speakers during the October edition of Advanced Materials Congress 2019. ©IAAM Media

The wonderful Scandinavian nature and environment were the witness to the grand success of this scientific voyage. The assembly had received abstracts from as many as 36 countries. The congress ran with 3 joint complimentary events with 11 thematic sessions and then finally ended with the closing ceremony.

These thematic sessions included an extensive range and a high number of keynote/invited lectures, a series of oral & poster presentations, welcome ceremony, IAAM felicitation ceremony and the IAAM consortium. The Congress assembly ensured an amazing experience for every delegate as it was an integration of elements like global networking, cruise hospitality, social activities in two capital cities, and the beautiful views of Stockholm archipelago having nearly 30,000 islands, islets, and rocks.

The October edition of AMC 2019 was organized at the conference centre onboard MS Mariella, Viking Line. Besides the attractive Baltic Sea, the well-equipped conference auditorium and rooms also added to the experience of the delegates. The October edition of AMC 2019 was one of the most memorable experiences on the Baltic Sea. The functioning hours of the conference centre were from 8.30 am to 9.00 pm, with coffee, fruits, and snacks available all the time. The venue, i.e. the conference center, was specially designed to host the world-class IAAM congresses in 2015 and has been doing so ever since.

On the 1st day of the October edition of AMC 2019, the delegates were welcomed at the conference desk and the registration was carried out. The delegates were also briefed about the conference schedule.

Congress registration and welcome at the October edition of AMC 2019 @ delegates from Academia and Industry. ©IAAM Media

The October edition of AMC 2019 began with the first session of the Congress held in Auditorium B of the Conference Centre. Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM, welcomed the delegates, briefed them about the objectives of the congress, gave some important messages, and also discussed the schedule with the delegates. Moreover, he offered his best wishes and addressed the excitement that everyone had for the next three days because of the anticipated interdisciplinary thoughts, global networking, and exposure to recent developments of the research fields. He mentioned that as “we delve into a sea of quality research and interdisciplinary ideas in these three days; we hope that we optimize our learning”. With this hope, he welcomed everyone on the behalf of IAAM and wished them good luck.

Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM, welcoming the delegates in the opening session of the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The Plenary Session I was chaired by Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM and Prof. Li from Deakin University, Australia. The session included one IAAM Award Lecture and one invited lectures to open the congress. The 1st speaker for the opening session was Prof. Zhang, University of California, USA. He delivered the opening talk on the metal halide perovskites for energy. In his lecture, he overviewed the magic sized clusters to quantum dots and quantum dot solids. Speaker explained that organo-metal halide perovskites (OMHPs) such as CH3NH3PbI3, and all inorganic metal halide perovskites (IMHPs) exhibit novel electronic, optical, and magnetic properties that are promising for various applications including photovoltaics, LED, sensing, and quantum information technology. This talk demonstrated that surface chemistry approaches are promising for stabilizing OMHPs or IMHPs, leading to the generation of MSCs, QDs, and QD solids, which are significant for many emerging applications.

Plenary session I: The plenary speakers during the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The next talk was an Invited Lecture by Prof. Ashutosh Tiwari from the Institute of Advanced Materials, Sweden on the dynamic nanosystems and devices for programmable healthcare. In this talk, the speaker talked about nanotechnology and bioelectronics devices and how they are useful for programmed healthcare aspects. His talk covered all aspects and future prospects of cloud computing, field trials and the latest data analytics of healthcare.

Session 2 marked a discussion on Energy Materials & Technology. This session consisted of two IAAM Award lectures and three oral presentations. It began with an IAAM Award Lecture on a topic related to highly efficient wavelength conversion glasses. Speaker explained the urgent need to shift towards renewable energy as a response to the growing energy crisis. In this talk, the speaker confirmed that he has successfully developed a glass with high transparency and excellent upconversion characteristics by heat treatment crystallization.

The next IAAM Award Lecture was focused on supercritical CO2 assisted crystallization of perovskite films. In this talk, the speaker explained about high-quality perovskite films were produced at low temperatures through crystallization in supercritical carbon dioxide. The speaker explained that the resulting film morphology could be tuned over a range of crystal structures by adjusting the co-solvent additive, which provides selective solubility to solid-state film constituents. The ability to fine-tune the morphology of perovskite films could lead to superior photovoltaic performance and device durability.

Energy Materials & Technology Sessions during the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The next lecture was an Oral presentation on bio methanation in a trickle bed reactor for energy storage and CO2-utilization. In this talk, the speaker talked about the process performance, response time, and ex-situ methanation aspects. A subsequent oral talk was focused on the conceptual design of the CSP lead demonstrator SOLEAD. In this talk, the speaker explained concentrated solar power technology as the key solar technologies for the development of renewable energies. The designing process of the SOLEAD machine and the engineering methodologies adopted for the project choices were described in the presentation.

The last presentation of the session was on the important aspects of printed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs).  OLEDs have become an established technology in the display and lighting market. The speaker described that solvent-polymer interaction has a large impact on material performance during solution processing, which results in controlled interfaces in multilayer devices like printed OLEDs.

The next session the Global Graphene Forum underneath session 3 and was chaired by two professors. This session consisted of one IAAM fellow lecture and two IAAM award lectures.

The first IAAM Fellow Lecture of this session was on the synthesis and electrochemical deposition of graphene and 2D nanomaterial composites for biosensors and energy storage applications. In the presentation, the speaker demonstrated the synthesis of Mn-doped MoSe2 and reported the resultant defective sites. The speaker explained that the Mn doping does not only help in enzyme immobilization but also enhances the electronic conductivity of layered material.

The next IAAM Award Lecture was on “Carbon nanowalls propelling social innovations”. In this talk, the speaker spoke about carbon nanowalls(CNWs). The speaker had fabricated CNWs successfully using the unique plasma equipment of capacitively coupled plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD) assisted by the radical injection. The results presented in this talk indicated that the CNWs has great potential to realize the tough fuel cell devices.

Global Graphene Forum: Eminent speakers during the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The last talk of the session was an IAAM Award Lecture on the carbon-neutral sustainable energy technology. The speaker described that Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells (DEFC), which convert the chemical energy stored in ethanol directly into electricity, are one of the most promising energy-conversion devices for portable, mobile, and stationary power applications, primarily because ethanol was a carbon-neutral, sustainable fuel and possesses many unique physicochemical properties including high energy density and ease of transportation, storage, as well as handling. In his research, he developed a theoretical model for DEFCs to further boost the performance of the fuel cell.

Session 4 was focused on the area of Energy Materials & Technology and consisted of two invited lectures. The session was chaired by two professors and it saw energy applications being discussed in detail by eminent speakers.

The session started with an invited lecture and marked a discussion on the effect of heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of 9Cr-WVTiN reduced activation martensitic steels. In this talk, the speaker explained that the reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel was one of the key structural materials for fusion reactors. Further, it was also explained that the improvement of the mechanical property could be attributed to the refinement of the microstructure.

The last talk of the session was an invited lecture on the secure management of networked batteries. In this talk, the speaker discussed the efficient use of renewable energy resources. Solving the global energy crisis and protecting our environment has motivated researchers to investigate the efficient use of renewable energy sources. The speaker, in this lecture, proposed to construct networked batteries and to explore their secure management. He explained about the renewable energy storage, efficient use of collective renewable energy resource, and discharge of individual storage batteries in a dynamic networked environment in his talk.

IAAM Felicitation

IAAM offers the highest honours to scientists and young technocrats to inspire them to develop innovative technology for social empowerment. The October 2019 IAAM felicitation was held at the Conference Centre onboard M/S Mariella, Viking Line with the aim to recognize as well as reward the innovative ideas of researchers, scientists, and technocrats and to give them an impetus to progress in their respective research areas. In this award assembly, 18 researchers were recognized by IAAM, out of which, one was honoured with the IAAM Scientist Medal, one received the IAAM Fellow and 15 were honoured with the IAAM Award Lecture.

IAAM Award Lectures by distinguished speakers from Academia and Industry during the October edition of Advanced Materials Congress 2019. © IAAM Media

During the IAAM felicitation ceremony, an IAAM Scientist Medal Lecture was delivered. In this lecture, the speaker talked about globalization contribution, energy consumption, and the threshold effect of financial development. Here, the speaker verified that there exists a non-linear threshold effect of financial development on the EKC hypothesis between energy consumption and globalization. The speaker’s findings suggest that although globalization increases energy consumption at the first stage, it reduces the consumption of energy in the long-run.

Poster Session

During the 1st day and session 5 of the October edition of AMC 2019, a poster session was held that highlighted “Multi-inter-transdisciplinary Advanced Research and Innovations”. In this session, many posters were presented, out of which one poster was related to solar-powered hydrogen generation unit. Another interesting poster was presented about exosome isolation by using a solution of polyethylene glycol (PEG). Another poster was about nanocompositions’ [NCs] influence on the structure of aluminum alloys. The two jury members for the session evaluated the posters and examined their quality. All the posters were set up at the Conference Centre onboard M/S Mariella, Viking Line.

Poster Session during the October edition of the Advanced Materials Congress 2019. © IAAM Media

The day 2 of the conference started with Plenary Session II underneath of session 6. This session was consisted of three IAAM award lectures and chaired by two professors of the same expertise.

The first IAAM Award Lecture of this session was on the topic “Radiation Tolerance of Nano-Oxide-Dispersed Ferritic Alloy for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems”. This presentation highlighted the effect of high-density oxide nanoparticles on suppressing radiation-induced cavity swelling, which results in a unimodal distribution of cavities in the (Fe + He) dual-ion irradiated specimen.

The next IAAM Award Lecture was on graphene oxide (GO). In this talk, the speaker talked about radicals on graphene oxide and their manipulation and applications. Graphene oxide, as a precursor of graphene, has been widely studied. Understanding the free radical properties of GO also helps the development of efficient GO-based antimicrobial agents and non-toxic GO-based biomaterials (e.g. drug delivery vehicles and tissue engineering scaffolds), as free radicals influence the toxicity of GO. In this talk, the progress in the fundamental understanding of the radicals and their applications were also presented.

Plenary session II: Eminent plenary speakers during the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The last talk of the session was an IAAM Award Lecture on the topic: “Superconductivity driven by interparticle interactions in spin-polarized nanoparticle assemblies”. The speaker discussed superconductivity as the most fascinating physical phenomena ever discovered in macroscopic systems. In this talk, the speaker presented the results which raised three critical questions regarding (1) the physical origins of the development of spin polarization in nanoparticles, (2) the development of superconductivity through interparticle interactions, and (3) the emergence of the strong interplay between superconductivity and spin polarization.

Session 7 marked a discussion on Advanced Nanomaterials. The session was chaired by two professors and saw important aspects of nanomaterials being discussed. This session consisted of two IAAM award lectures, one invited lecture, and one oral talk.

This session started with an IAAM award lecture on the topic related to fingertip sensation by nano-resolution tactile sensors. The speaker described that humans have a very sophisticated sense of touch on our fingertip skin. In this talk, silicon-based MEMS tactile sensors with an ultra-high force and spatial resolutions were introduced and demonstrated. The speaker concluded that a combination of high-resolution tactile sensors and deep neural networks was a strong approach to reproduce human fingertip sensation by state-of-the-art electron device technology.

The next IAAM Award Lecture was focused on the topic “Conductive polymer-based nanocomposite for intranasal drug delivery to the brain”. The speaker described that conductive polymer, biopolymer surfactant and bovine serum albumin (CP-BPS-BSA), nano-composite (NC) exhibited the presence of the desired functional groups (FTIR), a nano- range particle size (TEM and DLS), and positive zeta potential in an acidic pH mimicking inflammation. This study thereby corroborates the affinity of CP-BPS-BSA NCs towards inflammatory tissues, a phenomenon that we could exploit to control neuroinflammation in animal models.

The next talk was an Invited Lecture on ion-implanted noble metal-assisted metal enhance fluorescence. This talk presented the investigation of enhanced electric fields of embedded nanoparticles with the incident electromagnetic waves to amplify the fluorescence intensity of dye and various perovskite nanocomposites. The speaker described that a maximum fluorescence enhancement factor of C515 dye of 2.1 was obtained using Ag nanoparticles. A subsequent lecture was an oral talk on integrated molecular techniques for the diagnosis and prevention of Vibrio infections in aquaculture and public health. In this lecture, the speaker talked about advanced nanotechnology and biosensing techniques useful to construct an integrated platform for the prognosis of vibriosis.

Team Building and Networking opportunities during the October edition of the Advanced Materials Congress 2019. © IAAM Media

Session 8, was focused on the Global Graphene Forum and was chaired by two eminent professors. This session consisted of two IAAM award lectures and three oral talks.

The first IAAM Award Lecture of this session was on the preparation of graphene materials through the electrical explosion. The speaker described the graphene two-dimensional structure of carbon atoms as thinnest material is known so far. In this talk, the speaker described certain simple but innovative routes for producing graphene and graphene-based nanocomposite materials.

The second IAAM Award lecture marked a discussion on forecasting of trends in researches on nanocarbons based on the publication citations via network representation learning (NRL). The speaker had developed a comprehensive, computer-based approach by using citation network analysis, topic modeling and machine learning for the identification of knowledge structures, relevance between knowledge domains and the emerging research fronts. Other potential applications of the data-driven approaches were also discussed in the lecture.

Next was an oral talk on the crackling sound of stretching polycrystalline graphene. Polycrystalline graphene has an inherent tendency to buckle, i.e. develop out-of-plane, three-dimensional structure. The speaker carried out molecular dynamics simulation on samples generated from initially random configurations through an improved metropolis algorithm for bond transpositions.

A subsequent oral talk was on adsorption of CO2 gas on graphene-polymer composites. Efficient ways of storing and capturing CO2 are the key challenges in the development of carbon capture systems. In this talk, the speaker reported results from atomistic molecular dynamics simulations on the adsorption of CO2 gas by graphene-polymer composite systems.

The last oral talk of the session was focused on the topic: “Electronic transport through CNT-HfO2-Au junction for optical rectenna applications”. In this work, using density functional theory in combination with Green’s functional formalism, the speaker studied the effect of the insulating layer on the current rectification properties of CNT-HfO2-Au junction, which has a great potential for optical rectenna applications. The speaker informed the audience that these findings will be useful for creating CNT-based diodes with the desired performance metrics for different optoelectronic applications.

IAAM Consortium

As a part of this multidisciplinary congress, an international consortium was organized in session 9, on the New-age research, innovations, and technology. The consortium was focused on Spin-off Ideas for Translational Research and Innovation. The primary aim of this consortium was to create a bridge between the industry and academia to induce global cooperation and develop a platform to build multi-inter-trans-disciplinary projects by sharing knowledge, joint infrastructures for grants applications, commercial IPRs, high-quality publications, etc. In this consortium, panelists discussed the perspective of their respective fields, objectives and important suggestions from the audience.

Panelists during the International Consortium on New-age research, innovations and technology in the October edition of AMC 2019 | IAAM

Panelists during the International Consortium on New-age research, innovations and technology in the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

Minutes of Consortium

In brief, the consortium started with the objective being read out aloud and a formal introduction with everyone. Panelist 1 shared the importance of researcher and industry relations and mentioned about challenges in market technologies. He suggested developing collaboration possibilities for industrial companies and academia. Further, he suggested training support for the researcher to start the company. Panelist 2 discussed the need to connect with the chemical industry. He suggested getting funding support from the company and government at different stages of research. Panelist 3 suggested the research on the new idea and solves the problem of society. Bringing research to the society and understanding industrial problems were the key goal of research organizations. Panelist 4 discussed translational research platforms for academia to deliver better results. Panelist 4 shared his journey of material science, physics, devices, and sensor research and gave importance to commercialization and attracting funds. Panelist 5 focused on key issues of energy research and suggested how to utilize industrial infrastructure to generate future products and select potential technicians for industry. She discussed electricity issues in Australia and solar materials-oriented industrial research in academic organizations. Panelist 6 talked about the legal benefits and cooperation in American universities for spin-off companies.  He discussed opportunities and understanding of pathways of commercialisations. Panelist 7 focused on the industrial technologies for the market. He emphasized more on the ideas for further research. He emphasized the need to understand society’s demand, researcher potentials, and industrial relations. He discussed health research and the importance of the IAAM association through policy and infrastructures.

Finally, the meeting was concluded by Panelists by combining everyone’s view and objective of consortium.  Various audiences also participated in the discussion and presented their views. To conclude, Dr. Ashutosh thanked everyone and announced further possibilities of future collaborations and joint research projects with panelists and experts under the IAAM consortium platform. Since desired objectives of the consortium were accomplished and the minutes were circulated for the next follow-up meetings.

Guest of honors conveys to the panelists in the international consortium during October edition of AMC ©IAAM Media

The 3rd day of the October edition of AMC 2019 started with the Plenary Session III. The session was chaired by two professors. This was session 10, which included two IAAM Award Lectures and one keynote lecture. The 1st speaker for the plenary session delivered an IAAM Award Lecture on piezoelectric materials and devices. In his lecture, he overviewed the piezoelectric materials and devices for energy conversion and harvesting. Here, the speaker talked about the device developments and their multifunctional performance as well as the methods to address critical issues to 1) increase the input energy/powers; 2) improve the energy conversion efficiency of the devices, and 3) make those devices more powerful. In addition, he answered the questions related to the use of piezoelectric materials.

The next talk was an IAAM Award Lecture focused on the ultrasonic formation of copper/iron-modified graphene nanocomposites for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly prescribed medications worldwide to treat inflammation and pain. In this talk, the speaker described different extraction of each NSAID adjusted to pH from 1 to 8 and explained how it depends on copper or iron-binding between carbon network of modified graphene nanocomposite and a molecular drug. The speaker hoped that this approach can be successfully extended to other drug formulations to treat chronic inflammation.

Plenary session III: Eminent plenary speakers during the October edition of AMC 2019. ©IAAM Media

The last talk of the session was a Keynote Lecture on the use of graphene to overcome the bottleneck in VLSI interconnections. Advancement in integrated circuits has brought amazing benefits to mankind.  In this talk, the various proposals were presented and the limitations of carbon nanotube and graphene alone for interconnections were discussed. The speaker presented recent technology developed in detail, and the underlying science of the technology was also discussed.

The last session of the October edition of AMC 2019 was session 11 focused on Energy, Graphene & Nanomaterials Technology. In this session, all related aspects were discussed in detail by expert speakers under the chairship of one professor. This session consisted of one IAAM Award Lecture, one invited and three oral talks. It started with the IAAM award lecture, on the composite graphene quantum dot nanoparticles for cancer imaging and photodynamic therapy.

The next talk was an invited lecture on the topic: “Unconventional use of graphene nanoplatelets for industrial mechanical applications”.  In recent years, the interest in graphene and graphene-based material has increased considerably due to their paramount physical properties (electrical, thermal and mechanical). The main aim of the speaker was to enhance the joint properties of graphene by using as coating or additive model to reduce friction and wear and as filler in adhesive joints. The speaker presented the result of graphene coatings through different materials (steel, aluminum alloy, polymers and copper) by different techniques, in order to identify the most suitable for performance improvement and industrial scalability.

The first oral talk of the session was focused on the parameters governing the mechanical behavior of gas diffusion layers for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. The results of this study brought about a further understanding of the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) mechanical behaviour, and gathered numerous data that can be the source of future studies, such as the optimization of GDL material or manufacturing process, or the analysis of the GDL mechanical behaviour evolution during the fuel cell operation, via the implementation of the proposed models in numerical simulations.

A subsequent oral talk was focused on advanced materials chemistry for rechargeable potassium-ion battery. Advanced rechargeable potassium-ion (K-ion) batteries form a new generation of battery systems and are deemed not only as lucrative low-cost battery alternatives to the current lithium-ion (Li-ion) technology, but also as high voltage energy storage systems. The speaker believed that materials exploration through computational chemistry will serve as a cornerstone for new research opportunities in the development of practically-usable and low-cost K-ion battery chemistries using ubiquitous potassium-containing materials.

The last oral talk of the session was focused on photocatalytic degradation of antibiotics over anatase/rutile/brookite Fe–N–TiO2 material under visible-LED light irradiation. In this research, iron and nitrogen was used to adjust titanium dioxide photocatalyst (TiO2) to give enhanced photocatalytic activity under the visible light region. Additionally, the TiO2, combined with iron and nitrogen dopants, enhanced the charge separation as verified by photoluminescence result. Interestingly, the trend of photodegradation performance was directly proportional to the presence of rutile and brookite phase contents, the speaker explained.

Cultural and Social activities in two Scandinavian capitals

The two capitals, Stockholm and Helsinki, are the two cultural centers of the Scandinavian region. The delegates of the conference got an invaluable social experience because of the visits that they paid to the cultural attractions as a part of the conference program through the scheduled guided tour. The visit to these capitals created a setting in which the delegates easily spent more time with their colleagues and exchanged ideas and discussed possibilities of collaboration. The journey to the beautiful city of Helsinki was also very memorable and it would have definitely produced memories of a lifetime for the delegates.

Cultural and Social activity and Helsinki sightseeing during the congress. ©IAAM Media

The delegates visited the City hall of Stockholm, which was one of the best tourist attractions in the entire country and also a symbol of Swedish nationalism. Also, there were scheduled guided tours that included the beautiful city structures, small passages leading down to the harbor, building architectures, general knowledge of monuments, and much more. While cruising from Stockholm, the delegates also got a chance to witness the lovely Archipelago surroundings and attractive countryside. The evening cultural program of the congress was excellent. The spacious dining rooms on-board along with the taste of regional Scandinavia breakfast, lunch, and dinner was surely another luxury for the delegates.

Cultural and Social activity in Scandinavian capitals @Stockholm and Helsinki. © IAAM Media

Concluding Remark

In the concluding remarks, Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari thanked all the speakers, delegates, business professionals and scientific committee professionals to share their quality research and findings in the October edition of AMC 2019. Dr. Tiwari also mentioned that the Advanced Materials Congress, along with many journals of IAAM, will continue to create many opportunities for the world of science and take the sphere of advanced materials to new heights in the coming years. Prof. Tiwari talked about how congress becomes prestigious due to the participation of top delegates and their active contribution in all kinds of formats. Having been attended by the best minds of the scientific community and that too from different disciplines, it was safe to say that the congress was a huge success and proved to be a once-in-a-lifetime experience for all the attendees. Finally, he expressed his regard for the Institute of Advanced Materials, VBRI AB, and Viking Line staff for making the congress a success via providing world-class facilities.


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