International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM) hosted the 26th assembly of Advanced Materials Congress (AMC) in Stockholm, the city of Nobel Prize, from 10th – 13th June 2019. Advanced Materials Congress provides a truly interdisciplinary platform for scientists, researchers, professionals from academia & industries, and business giants in the field of advanced materials science, engineering, and technology to discuss the latest breakthroughs and progress in the sphere of advanced materials.
The 26th AMC offered coordination among three contemporary research fields of advanced materials science and technology – i) Composite Materials, ii) Graphene and 2D Materials, and iii) Biosensors and Bioelectronics along with Physics and Chemistry to pave the way for multi-inter-trans-disciplinary translational research and innovations for the market. The theme, “The multi-inter-trans-disciplinary research, innovations, and technology” was aimed at providing an opportunity to highlight the progress made in the translation of research into industries.
The format of “Knowledge Experience at SeaTM” ensured maximum interaction and extensive discussion by placing all the delegates aboard in a single vessel sailing on the sea. The 26th assembly of AMC was the 18th edition of this unique conference format. The Congress departed from Stockholm to Helsinki on 11th June and returned to Stockholm on 13th June 2019.
Group photo of delegates: the 26th assembly of Advanced Materials Congress. ©IAAM Media
The lovely Scandinavian nature was a witness to the success of this cross-disciplinary global meeting. The Congress assembly ensured an amazing experience for every delegate with the high-quality speakers, research presentations, global networking, cruise hospitality, social activities in two capital cities, and the beautiful views of Stockholm archipelago having nearly 30,000 islands, islets, and rocks. The 26th assembly of AMC was a recipient of 349 abstracts from 50 countries. The congress ran with 3 joint complementary events for 35 hours and 45 minutes with 22 thematic sessions including 65 keynotes/invited lectures and a series of oral and poster presentations. The AMC began with the welcome ceremony and was followed by a series of oral and poster presentations, IAAM felicitation ceremony, cultural program, IAAM consortium, social activity, and then finally ended with the closing ceremony.
Congress registration and welcome desk of 26th AMC @delegates from Academia and Industry. ©IAAM Media
The 26th assembly of AMC was organized at the conference center onboard MS Mariella, Viking Line. Besides the attractive Baltic Sea, the well-equipped conference auditorium and rooms also added to the experience. The 26th AMC was one of the largest and the most memorable experiences on the Baltic Sea. The opening hours of the conference center were from 8.30 am to 9.00 pm, 12.30 hours with coffee, fruits, and snacks available all the time. The venue was specially designed to host the world-class IAAM congresses in 2015 and has been doing so ever since.
On the 1st day of the 26th assembly of AMC, the delegates were welcomed at the conference hotel and the registration was carried out. The delegates were also briefed about the conference schedule.
The 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC marked the beginning of the Congress. In the opening session held in Auditorium B at Conference Centre, Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM welcomed the delegates, briefed them about the objectives of the 26th assembly of AMC, gave some important messages, and also discussed the schedule with delegates. Moreover, he offered his best wishes and addressed the excitement that everyone had for the next three days filled with interdisciplinary thoughts, global networking and exposure to recent developments of the research fields.
Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM welcoming the delegates in the opening and plenary session of the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
The Plenary Session I was chaired by Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM, and Prof. Li-Qiong Wang, Brown University, USA. The session included three keynote lectures to open Congress. The 1st keynote speaker for the opening session was Prof. Joseph H. Koo, the University of Texas at Austin, USA. He delivered the opening first talk on the “Polymer nanocomposites for extreme environments”. In his lecture, he overviewed different nanomaterials, polymer processing, and the examination of the behavior of polymer nanocomposites for extreme environments, such as solid rocket motors, re-entry vehicles, and flame-retardant polymers for additive manufacturing. Prof. Joseph H. Koo is a Senior Research Scientist at the Polymer Nanocomposites Laboratory. He has forty years of experience in academic, industrial, and government communities, USA and abroad in materials and thermal science research. He has an excellent track record for developing well-funded research programs sponsored by DoD, NASA, NSF, and private companies.
Eminent plenary speakers during the Plenary session I of the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
The 2nd keynote speaker was Prof. Liangchi Zhang, University of New South Wales, Australia. Prof. Zhang is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Head of the Laboratory for Precision and Nano Processing Technologies. He carries out research on both the fundamentals and industrial applications in the cross-disciplinary fields of advanced manufacturing, biomechanics, advanced materials, tribology, nanotechnology, and solid mechanics. His research outcomes have led to tremendous economic benefits for industry in tens of million dollars per annum. Prof. Zhang has been granted many awards and honors, including the “UNSW inventor of the Year” and “Distinguished Achievement Award in Machining Technology”.
In his keynote lecture, he discussed the necessary and sufficient conditions for determining the reliable mechanical properties of carbon nanomaterials like a monolayer graphene sheet or a single-walled carbon nanotube. He further discussed the mechanical property prediction of composites reinforced by CNTs/graphene involving the uncertainties in materials processing, such as random waviness and orientation.
The 3rd keynote lecture of the session was delivered by Prof. Valeria Cannillo, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. Her keynote speech was on the “Advanced composites for biomedical applications”. She discussed the intriguing possibilities offered by HAp/bioactive glass composites in terms of enhanced bioactivity, osteoinductive, and osteoconductive ability and potential improvement in the quality of patients’ lives. Prof. Cannillo has expertise in material characterization, nanomaterials, mechanical properties, microstructure, materials testing, and fracture mechanics.
During the 26th Advanced Materials Congress, three contemporary research congresses namely Composite Materials, Graphene & 2D Materials, and Biosensors & Bioelectronics were organized in three parallel auditorium and lecture rooms.
Keynote and invited speakers from academia and industry joined the rich legacy of IAAM speakers’ @26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
Composite Materials Congress offered a platform for a discussion on the recent developments of new composite materials that possess a stronger, lighter, or durable self-life than conventional materials. The 26th assembly of AMC covered the interdisciplinary subject area of composite materials related to physics, chemistry, materials science & engineering, nanotechnology, and biomedical engineering. The ten thematic sessions during the congress focused on specific subject areas to cover all the aspects of recent developments, with the help of 40 well-known keynote/invited speakers from academia and industries.
Session 02 and Session 05 marked the discussion on Composite structure and design. Session 02 was held on the 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC and was chaired by Prof. Andrea Bernasconi, Politecnico di Milan, Italy, and Prof. Wenjing Ye, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong. It consisted of two keynote lectures and two oral talks.
The 1st keynote speaker in this session discussed composite re-centering deformation amplified SMA damper for mitigating seismic response of structures. The 2nd keynote lecture induced a discussion about metamaterials for elastic wave manipulation. In this lecture, the speaker described that these artificial materials allow the manipulation and control of elastic waves, for example, wave filtering, steering, and focusing, and thus would have important applications in structural health monitoring, earthquake protection, and biological imaging. Oral talk by Prof. Chris Beorkrem, University of North Carolina, USA was on “CLT/GFRP: A parametric composite”. Prof. Andrea Bernasconi, Politecnico di Milano, Italy delivered an oral talk on Design, simulation, and testing of a short fiber reinforced polymer and described polymer-metal hybrid (PMH) structures and behavior.
Session 05 consisted of one keynote, one invited, and three oral talks. In this session, the plate-reinforced composite coupling beam for modern building design was discussed in detail by the 1st keynote speaker. The next invited speaker delivered a talk on the failure behaviors of composites and additively manufactured materials via high-resolution synchrotron X-ray microtomography. Another important talk was delivered by Prof. Reinhard Schlitt, Engineering Services, Germany on High thermal conductivity hybrid structures (HiDuct). Prof. Schlitt developed an innovative hybrid structure with high thermal conductivity to meet requirements for spacecraft use and other terrestrial applications. The next oral talk was focused on Modeling and simulation of thermal conductivity measurements of polymer composites. Kevin Breuer, Technical University of Dortmund, Germany delivered the last oral talk on “Numerical analyzation of homogenized failure criteria for short fiber reinforced composites using statistical volume elements”. In this work, he used Monte-Carlo simulations of the statistical volume elements and the deviation of the calculated effective composite properties was analyzed for different loading directions.
In sessions 03 and 09, the Synthesis and characterizations of composite materials were discussed in detail by eminent speakers on the 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. Session 03 consisted of three invited and two oral talks. Prof. Evgenia Spodine, Universidad de Chile, Chile chaired the session and three enriching invited lectures were delivered.
Prof. Zoltan Gacsi, University of Miskolc, Hungary delivered an invited talk on Production and investigation on metal matrix composites (MMC), wherein he defined how the mechanical properties (compressive strength, hardness, relative density) are altered by the parameters of the production and these are closely followed upon by microstructure characterization of the samples with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Image Analysis (IA), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), FIB-SEM, and Nano-CT. Prof. Blanka Tomkova from the Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic delivered invited talk on Carbon micro/nanoparticles utilization in carbon fiber polymer matrix composites. In this talk, she overviewed the properties of CFP composites filled with five carbon forms (graphene nanopellets, carbon particles from acrylic waste, and 3 different types of recycled carbon fibers). The next invited speaker delivered a talk on magnetic material constant’s evaluation by numerical calculation for a composite material with particle metal. Dr. Barbara Lipowska, Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials Refractory Materials Division, Poland delivered an interesting oral talk on Cellular SiC/iron alloy composite. Dr. Lipowska found that the ceramic material applied was characterized by good metal wettability. Prof. P. Fuentealba from Universidad de Chile and CEDENNA, Chile delivered an oral talk on Synthesis and optical properties of bimetallic phases derived from K0.5Cd0.75PS3∙H2O. Prof. Fuentealba founded that all bimetallic phases had a lower energy gap than the one of the potassium precursor, and one of the pristine phases, proving the influence of the inserted secondary ion (MnII, NiII, CoII).
Session 09 of the congress was chaired by two eminent scientists, which was consisted of one invited and four oral talks. Invited speaker Dr. G. Safran, Institute for Technical Physics, Hungary delivered a talk on Single-sample combinatory for high throughput TEM, RBS, XRD, nanoindentation, and ellipsometry studies of binary films. This study suggested the potential application of thin Al-Mg films as a protection layer against mechanical wear. In this study, the strength and grain size of the pure Al sample confirmed well the modified Hall-Petch relationship. The next important oral talk was on unlubricated sliding wear characteristics of titanium carbonitride reinforced titanium matrix composites. Another oral talk of Zoltan Gyoker, University of Miskolc, Hungary was on the development of tin-based solder composite materials, wherein he talked about his experiment in which he made reflow soldering as the same way as in industrial application. Here solder joints were formed between a novel designed PCB board and microelectronic components and mechanical properties of the composite solders were compared with the pure solder materials. The next oral talk was delivered on multiple contrast X-ray microtomography for material characterization at SSRF. The last oral talk of the session was on the Strength estimation of concrete subjected to high temperatures using the UPV method.
Distinguished speakers from Academia and Industry on the 2nd Day of the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
Session 10 held on the 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC, was focused on Ceramics and Based Composites and chaired by Prof. Rafal Abdank-Kozubski, Jagiellonian University, Poland. This session explored composite research and technological needs in ceramic-based innovations. Two invited and three oral talks related to this thematic field were delivered and discussed in this session. The first invited lecture was focused on Innovative lithium recovery technology from seawater and used Li-ion batteries using a lithium ionic conductor. Another invited lecture of Prof. L. I. Kveglis, Siberian Federal University, Russian Federation was focussed on the modeling of structure BeO+TiO2 ceramic. In this study, the structure of BeO+TiO2 ceramic showed the possibility of two types of 12-vertex and calculations of magnetic and structural properties were performed using the density functional theory. Here, the cluster 3d model was used for an explanation of crystalline transformations. The subsequent oral talks focused on topics related to the surface coating of polymer, manufacturing of rattan-derived SiC/Si-Ni composites, and thermal stability of nanocrystalline materials raised important discussion among the participants.
Nano, Bio- and Polymeric Composites were in focus on the 3rd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. There were extensive discussions around these in sessions 14 and 18. Session 14 was chaired by Prof. Joseph Koo, the University of Texas at Austin, USA and consisted of two keynotes and two invited lectures. Important keynote lectures related to Fullerene-containing electrically conductive electron beam and environmentally benign deNOx catalyst were mostly related to the application part. The next interesting invited lecture by Prof. Li-Qiong Wang, Brown University, USA was focused on the investigation of structures and porosity of nanocomposite electrode materials. The results of Prof. Wang’s study provided useful information for the design and development of novel electrodes. The next invited speaker Dr. Taras Kavetskyy delivered a talk on third-generation amperometric enzyme biosensors with uracil-based polymer matrixes, which defined the state-of-the-art and future prospects. In this talk, the effect of oxide TiO2 NPs was found to be similar to As2S3-nanostructures and Au-NPs. Dr. Kavetskyy is affiliated to Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University, Ukraine and The John Paul II Catholic University, Poland.
Session 18 consisted of four invited and four oral talks, wherein interesting research and development topics related to Nano, Bio- and Polymeric Composites were discussed among the scientific community. The first invited lecture was on degradation behavior and characteristics of Fe-Zn alloys and progresses in assembling functional materials with “unprotected” colloidal nanoclusters. The next two invited lectures were focused on semiconductor biogenic nanoparticles and polymer nanocomposites for high-temperature capacitive energy storage. Oral talk related to tensile properties of polypropylene/cellulose nanofiber composites with low fiber content was very interesting and raised discussion among participants. The next oral talk was by Philipp Werner Kutz on the mechanical and thermal properties of composite materials and insulation for a single-walled tank for cryogenic liquids. In this study, heat flow was calculated, and a numerical model was developed. The numerical model developed can then be transferred to a real size tank model to define the thickness of the insulation material. Kutz is affiliated to Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und – prüfung, Germany. Another oral talk was on the interfacial fracture model for simulating the impact and characterization of plasma activated water for medical applications. The next oral talk by Prof. V. I. Dubkova was on Heat conduction polymer composites with finely divided silicon carbide received in electrothermal bubbling bed. Prof. Dubkova is affiliated to the National Academy of Sciences, Belarus.
Session 16 of the conference was focused on Metals and Alloys and chaired by Prof. Ludmila Kucerova, University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic and Prof. Rafal Abdank-Kozubski, Jagiellonian University, Poland. This session consisted of seven invited talks related to recent development in research and technology of metal and alloy field.
Invited lecture of Prof. Kozubski, Jagiellonian University, Poland was based on atomistic simulations of diffusion and diffusion-controlled transformations in intermetallic phases. In this study, the algorithm involves both the SGCMC and KMC procedures in parallel to simulate the process of interdiffusion with the vacancy concentration profile updated on-line according to the evolving profile of chemical composition. The invited lecture by Prof. Ludmila Kucerova, University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic was based on metallography of maraging steel X3 NiCoMoTi 18-9-5 processed by additive manufacturing. In this study, she referred that for the same heat treatment conditions, the additively manufactured steel possessed the same or better static mechanical properties than conventional steel with the same chemical composition. However, the toughness and fatigue properties of additively manufactured materials still present a challenge for further investigation.
The subsequent invited lectures covered topics of the smart metal surface, in-situ α-Al/Al-Si composites, and magnetic properties of Heusler compounds. These three lectures were very interesting and covered knowledge and discussions related to metal and alloy’s characteristic features. The next invited lecture was of Prof. Jurij J. Sidor, Savaria Institute of Technology, Hungary. It was based on Deformation and recrystallization in textured materials and raised fundamental discussion on mean and full-field modeling. In his lecture, he talked about how the choice of full-field approximation and homogenization technique in the mean-field models affected the accuracy of numerical simulations. A combination of both approaches enables understanding of deformation and recrystallization phenomena. Employing polycrystalline models allows predicting the evolution of crystallographic texture and anisotropy of plastic strain ratio, which is a decisive factor, for deep-drawing qualities of Al alloys. It was also discussed how the local microstructural events influence the recrystallization texture and plastic strain ratio in aluminum alloys. The last invited lecture was based on Fe-based high Bs nanocrystalline alloy for high-frequency magnetic cores.
Distinguished speakers from Academia and Industry on the 3rd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
Recent Trends in Composites Research and Innovations were focused in session 17 on the 3rd day and session 21 held on the 4th day of the 26th assembly of AMC. Session 17 consisted of two keynotes, two invited, and three oral presentations and was chaired by Prof. Eric Arquis, Université de Bordeaux, France, and Prof. Evgenia Spodine, Universidad de Chile, Chile. The 1st keynote lecture started with a discussion of polymorphism of crystalline metal complexes affording luminochromism. The next keynote lecture was delivered by Prof. Spodine, Universidad de Chile, Chile on Composites based on MNPS3 analysis of the structural, magnetic, and optical properties. In this study, the composites showed a more complex magnetic behavior than PP or MnPS3, thus making evident the influence of the guest species on both the optical and magnetic properties. In brief, the magnetic and optical properties of composites were discussed in detail.
A subsequently invited lecture by Prof. Arquis, Université de Bordeaux, France on Numerical simulation of a CMC optimized manufacturing, discussed the successive particle deposition and molten fluid capillary rise. In this study, the results of different simulations were discussed in order to prevent the choking-off. The next two invited lectures were on experimental research on the mechanical performance of monolithic precast beams using cast-in-place steel fiber reinforced concrete and removal of bacteria and cyanobacteria from water-reactive powder concrete. Among these, Prof. Shlomo Nir’s work on the removal of bacteria and cyanobacteria through filtration by granulated micelle- clay complexes and modeling, biocidal effects of free cations, coagulation, and regeneration was interesting and useful for environmental sustainability purposes. The next three oral talks were focused on grain refinement of spark plasma sintered Al alloy, multi-Material 3D printing issues, and prospects of using nanostructural boehmite powder. Dr. V. I. Dubkova, National Academy of Sciences, Belarus talked about using nanostructural boehmite powder in polymer composites. Polymer composite reinforcement is an alternative to metal one and is increasingly used in industrial civil and road construction industries.
Session 21 consisted of one keynote, one invited, and three oral talks related to recent trends in composites research and innovation. This session was chaired by two eminent scientists. An important keynote lecture delivered in this session was on liquid metals for future soft robotics. The first invited talk of the session was based on liquid crystals of 2D colloids. Oral talk of Daniel Petho, University of Miskolc, Hungary was on molybdenum-based metal matrix composites reinforced with ceramic particles. The last oral talk described the experimental study and failure criterion analysis of two different concretes under biaxial local compression.
The 7th edition of the Graphene and 2D Materials Conference was hosted as a parallel event in the 26th assembly of AMC, which was organized on the occasion of the 15th anniversary of Graphene discovery. Graphene-based materials represent one of the most appealing areas of research of this decade because of their extraordinary properties and huge potential for various technological applications. The huge increase in the citations of graphene research indicates the astonishing impact of these materials on many different fields.
The year 2019 is being celebrated as the 15th anniversary; therefore, there could have been no better way than “Handbook of Graphene” to bring all the related research, technology, and innovations together. Besides valuable lectures by 21 keynote/invited eminent speakers, the 26th AMC also witnessed the release of eight volumes of handbook of graphene and thus was a significant milestone in the journey of discussions on graphene. The handbook of graphene is the highest referred literature in the field of graphene and 2D materials, published by WILEY-Scrivener, USA in association with the International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM), Sweden. These eight edited volumes by 8 editors comprise of 140 chapters contributed by more than 500 eminent authors @IAAM members from over 300 world class institutions and universities located in the 60 countries. This is 1st ever handbook of graphene which is an example of a global contribution in the graphene literature.
Volume 1 is about Growth Synthesis and Functionalization edited by Prof. Edvige Celasco, University of Genoa, Italy and Prof. Alexander Chaika, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia. This handbook provides detailed and up-to-date overviews of the synthesis, and functionalization of graphene on various substrates (metallic and semiconducting), their properties, and possible applications. The volume 2 edited by Prof. Tobias Stauber, Spanish National Research Council, Spain and focuses on selected topics in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. This volume attempts to give an overview of the multitude of different research directions that are currently being taken at the international level. The volume 3 based on Graphene-like 2D Materials is edited by Prof. Mei Zhang, Florida State University, USA. This volume is solely focused on all aspects such as but is not limited to the development, synthesis, applications, characterization, innovation, and commercialization.
The volume 4 edited by Prof. Cengiz Ozkan, University of California, USA is about Composites. This volume includes important topics like advancement, synthesis, processing, fabrications, properties, applications, graphene-based studies, and healthcare. The volume 5 is based on Energy, Healthcare, and Environmental applications and has been edited by Prof. Cengiz Ozkan, University of California, USA and Prof. Umit Ozkan, Ohio State University, USA. In this volume graphene nanomaterials’ functional aspects in recent advancement and diversified applications related to energy, healthcare and environment are focused.
The volume 7 edited by Prof. Sulaiman Wadi Harun, University of Malaysia, Malaysia is about Biomaterials. This volume attempts to give an overview of the multitude of different research directions that are currently performed on graphene material for various biomedical applications in different ways. The last volume of the handbook, volume 8 is about Technology and Innovation and has been edited by Prof. Harun, University of Malaysia, Malaysia. This volume provides an overview of state-of-the-art graphene technology and innovation in application, property, methods, and mechanism, etc. This handbook provides detailed and up-to-date overviews of the graphene application methods.
Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM is thankful to the publisher, editors, and authors, for the contribution in the 1st ever handbook of Graphene. The interested IAAM members can avail the 20% discount on handbook using the code “SCR99“.
The Handbook of Graphene comprises eight volumes released during the 7th edition of the Graphene and 2D Materials Conference at the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
The sessions 04 and 08 held on the 2nd day of 26th AMC, were focused on synthesis, characterization, and growth of Graphene & 2D Materials. Session 04 was chaired by two eminent professors and consisted of four invited lectures and one oral talk. Invited lecture by Dr. L. Persichetti, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Italy was on metal-free CVD graphene on Ge substrates, wherein he proposed that these abrupt changes with temperature can be consistently explained by the incomplete surface-melting of Ge. The next invited lecture, by Dr. E.A. Trusova, Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Russia described the synthesis of van der Waals hybrid structures containing oxygen-free graphene sheets. According to obtained results, this method opened the opportunities for obtaining high-density and high-strength fine-grained ceramics for a wide range of purposes. The next invited lecture was by Prof. Y. Bleu, Université de Lyon, Université Jean Monnet-Saint-Etienne, CNRS, France based on the elaboration of graphene and doped-graphene by pulsed laser deposition, which produced an overview of the interest of PLD for graphene and doped-graphene synthesis. The last invited lecture talked about graphene as a multifunctional platform and its biological applications. This study offered an innovative outlook regarding the application of bio-nanoparticles to evidently quicken the energy renovation in the fuel cell. One oral talk of this session was on plasma activated water generation and its application in agriculture.
Glimpses of the global platform of networking and discussion during the 7th edition of the Graphene and 2D Materials Conference at the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
Session 8 consisted of four invited lectures, out of which the first one described graphene chemical vapor deposition and demonstrated that natural gas can be used as the precursor, making it a low-cost production. The next invited lecture explored close correlations between chemical and mechanical properties of curved graphene by 3D force field spectroscopy and was appreciated by the audience. Their suggested finding might lead to a nonlinear transition of bonding configurations, facilitating atomically localized enhancements of chemical reactivity and mechanical strength of the free-standing graphene. Another important invited lecture on two-dimensional porous polymers, explained the synthesis strategies for 2D porous polymers, porous carbons and the energy-related applications of 2D porous polymers and their derived porous carbons. The subsequently invited lecture was on precise control of 4H-SiC (0001) step edges for the growth of zero-layer epitaxial graphene. Their results suggested that the growth kinetics of the ZLG on 4H-SiC (0001) is significantly influenced by the monolayer scaled chemical characteristics of initial SiC steps edges. This new technique is considered to have the potential to fabricate large-area and highest-quality ZLG wafer by preparing an off-axis substrate toward <1-100> with controlled α-type full-unit cell step edges.
Electronics, Photonics, Spintronics, and Optoelectronics were focused on Session 06 and chaired by three professors of the diversified field of Graphene and 2D on the 2nd day of 26th AMC. The first invited lecture, by Prof. M. Bockrath, University of California, USA was on interacting electrons in bilayer graphene and bilayer graphene/hBN moiré superlattices. His results revealed that the magic range of tBLG is, in fact, larger than what was previously expected and provided a wealth of new information to help decipher the strongly correlated phenomena observed in tBLG. The subsequently invited lecture by Prof. S. Dunaevsky, Saint-Petersburg Electrotechnical University, Russia on magnetic properties of intercalated Gr/Ni(111) system, was quite interesting. Another invited lecture based on photoresponsivity of area arrayed graphene nano-ribbon was interesting as based on this photocurrent, he developed highly efficient optoelectronic devices cells. The subsequently delivered invited lecture was on soliton molecules in a graphene harmonic mode-locked fiber laser. This talk described a versatile multi-function ultrafast laser that could be used for many applications such as nonlinear imaging or spectroscopy. The last invited speaker delivered a talk on the preparation of graphene/cellulose-nanofibril hybrid coatings and their application in enhancing far infrared radiation (FIR) emissivity of commercially available FIR emitting ceramics. This talk described potential applications of the FIR based desiccations in agriculture.
Session 13 organized on the 3rd day of 26th AMC, was focused on Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subject area of Graphene and 2D Materials and consisted of four invited lectures and one oral talk. This session was chaired by Prof. Annarosa Gugliuzza, Research Institute on Membrane Technology, National Research Council (CNR-ITM), Italy. The first invited lecture of the session delivered by Prof. Gugliuzza was focused on 2D materials composite membranes for water desalination. Prof. Gugliuzza explained that experimental studies and modeling have been combined to evaluate effects on water diffusion and ion aggregation, thus providing a new insightful indication about the great potential of 2D materials in fruitful and competitive membrane water desalination.
The subsequently invited lecture was focused on anisotropic and nonlinear mechanical properties in two-dimensional nanomaterials. In this lecture, the speaker provided fundamental information at the atomic level for synthesizing, designing, and fabricating nano-electromechanical, nano-electronic devices. The next invited lecture described Raman spectroscopy of multilayer graphene and related heterostructures. This lecture explained that interfacial layer-breathing force constant between MoS2 and graphene is comparable with the layer-breathing force constant of multilayer MoS2 and graphene. The next very informative invited lecture was related to embedded 2D graphene roll in semiconductor nanofiber with superb charge conductivity for energy and environmental applications. In this lecture, the speaker informed that recently, he affixed these nanofibers onto surfaces that allow the wide application of the technology for air/water purifications. In addition to photovoltaics and photocatalyst, the new nanocomposite has a wide range of other potential applications, such as hydrogen generation by water splitting, biological-chemical sensors with enhanced speed and sensitivity, and lithium batteries with lower impedance and increased storage. The only oral talk of the session was about predicting GFET terahertz wave generation and detection by numerical method.
‘Recent Trends in Optics, Plasma and Laser’ was an important thematic field of research discussed in detailed under Session 07 on the 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. This session was chaired by Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Institute of Advanced Materials, Sweden and Prof. Ahmed Rhallabi, Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, France and consisted of one invited and four oral talks.
An invited lecture by Prof. Ahmed Rhallabi was focused on a multiscale approach for the simulation of the plasma etching processes which described its application to the silicon and III-V materials. Oral talk by Dr. Francesco Romano, S-TV Scientific Research Director, Italy was on a causal space-time vector analysis of both radiation linear momentum and angular momentum. Another oral talk by Tetsuya Onishi, Grand Joint Technology Ltd, Hong Kong covered Cu direct metallization on glass TGV technology for the optical platform and plasma / RIE fluoride residue removal cleaner & developer with lower metal etching damage for high-reliability device & TSV. The last oral talk of the session was delivered on pulsed serrodyne modulation as applied to ultra-compact coherent Doppler lidar for wind sensing.
Poster Presentation during the 26th assembly of AMC ©IAAM Media
During the 2nd day of the 26th assembly of AMC, a poster session was held that highlighted advance research, innovation, and technology of inter-trans disciplinary areas of composite materials, graphene & 2D materials, Biosensors & Bioelectronics, optics & photonics, and chemical science. The jury members for the session were Prof. Bunshi Fugetsu, Prof. Wallace Woon Fong Leung, and Prof. Lokman Uzun. They evaluated the posters by examining their quality. All the posters were set up at the Conference Centre on board M/S Mariella, Viking Line.
26th IAAM felicitation ceremony
IAAM offers the highest honors to scientists and young technocrats to inspire them to develop innovative technology for social empowerment. The 26th IAAM felicitation ceremony was held on 11th June 2019 at the Conference Centre on board M/S Mariella, Viking Line with the aim to recognize as well as reward the innovative ideas of researchers, scientists, and technocrats to give them an impetus to progress in their respective research areas. In this award assembly, 11 researchers were recognized with the IAAM Medals. 01 researcher was honored with the IAAM Scientist Medal and 04 scientists received the IAAM Fellow Awards.
26th assembly IAAM felicitation ceremony at the Conference Centre on board M/S Mariella, Viking Line. ©IAAM Media
Plenary Session II was conducted on the 3rd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. It was chaired by Prof. Liangchi Zhang, University of New South Wales, Australia and Prof. Ruxandra Botez, University of Quebec, Canada. This plenary session included three keynote lectures related to composite and photocatalytic materials technology. The first keynote lecture by Dr. Zhongwei Guan, University of Liverpool, UK and Chengdu University, China was delivered on Failure analysis of fiber metal laminates subjected to impact and blast. In this talk, Dr. Guan described the implementation of the composite failure model into Abaqus/Explicit through a user-defined subroutine (VUMAT). Also, the approximation of the blast impulse expressed by a surface pressure function was discussed and the limitations of this approximation were specified. The modeling outputs for both the projectile impact and blast loadings were validated against the corresponding experimental results, with good correlation in terms of load-displacement relationship, deformation, and failure modes. Dr. Guan is a faculty in the University of Liverpool, UK. His group is focused on the research of lightweight composite structures subjected to extreme loading conditions such as projectile impact and blast, covering fiber metal laminates, PVC foam-based sandwich and SLM lattice structures, corrugated sandwiches, high-temperature TP prepreg, etc. Prof. Guan is also leading an EU consortium with 6 countries to develop adhesive free timber buildings. He was awarded a Short-Term Invitation Research Fellowship by JSPS and he also worked as the Chairman of the 5th International Conference on Computational Methods held in Cambridge in 2014.
The next keynote Lecture by Prof. Yaron Paz, Israel Institute of Technology, Israel was about transient phenomena in photocatalytic materials, studied by ultrafast FTIR measurements. In this talk, the fundamental pros and cons of the method were described. Results for several photocatalysts (g-C3N4, BiVO4, ZnS, BiOCl) were presented, revealing spectral transient changes that are sensitive to the phase of the photocatalyst. Results were compared with theory and were correlated with photocatalytic measurements and with measurements made by other techniques. Prof. Paz is currently working on Photocatalysis, Surface phenomena & Self-Assembled Monolayers. His main scientific interest is to understand how to utilize light in order to efficiently de-contaminate water, air, and surfaces. His prospective projects involve Perovskites PV and Molecular imprinting on photocatalysts. In his bright career so far, he has been honored by Henry Gutwirth Research Prize and Giora Yashinski Memorial Prize.
Eminent plenary speakers during Plenary session II of the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
The last keynote lecture of the session was delivered by Prof. Ruxandra Botez, Laboratory of Applied Research in Aircraft Simulation and Modeling Technologies, Canada on structural modeling for morphing wings. In this talk, the aerodynamic and structure coupling was presented. In fact, the finite element models of the structural skin were presented and discussed. In conclusion, the composite skin was found to be suitable for these new morphing technologies.
Prof. Ruxandra Botez is a Full Professor at ÉTS, the University of Quebec in Canada. She has demonstrated strong research leadership in the areas of modeling and simulation on aircraft and helicopter with well-known international aerospace companies. Her work has been funded by, or performed in collaboration with, a high number of world-renowned research organizations and companies, such as Bombardier Aerospace, Esterline CMC Electronics, Bell Helicopter Textron, Thales Aerospace etc. in Canada, with Presagis and NASA in the USA with Alenia and CIRA in Italy with Hydra Technologies in Mexico with DLR in Germany and with ONERA in France.
A symposium on Biosensors and Bioelectronics was organized on the occasion of the 57th anniversary of the first biosensor at 3rd day of the 26th assembly of AMC. The Volume 6 of the Handbook of Graphene: Biosensors and Advanced Sensors edited by Prof. Barbara Palys, University of Warsaw, Poland was released during the symposium. This book is published by WILEY-Scrivener, USA in association with the International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM), Sweden. Handbook presents an overview of the biosensors concept, its development, and applications along with many new techniques and ideas. The mechanism and the properties of electrochemical and biomedical sensors and their analytical validation are described in detail.
Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM is thankful to the publisher, editors, and authors, for the contribution. The IAAM members can avail the 20% discount on this book using the code “SCR99“.
Session 15 was focused on Biosensors and Bioelectronics, which consisted of 07 talks by eminent speakers and chaired by Prof. Samuel Mugo, MacEwan University, Edmonton, Canada, and Prof. Lokman Uzun, Hacettepe University, Turkey. The first invited lecture by Prof. Ľubomír Svorc, Slovak University of Technology, Slovak Republic was on advanced electrochemical sensors in drug and food analysis based on boron-doped diamond electrode material. The results of this study could provide invaluable services to clinicians in the diagnosis of certain diseases and to analysts in food control analysis as well as to nanotechnologists and material engineers in the design of EC sensors. Finally, the research outputs could stimulate scientific investigation in various disciplines from Material Chemistry to Analytical Chemistry and Medicinal Chemistry. The next invited lecture included an exploration into unique submicron structures and the development of a highly sensitive portable biosensing system. Another invited Lecture by Prof. Uzun, Hacettepe University, Turkey was on advanced functional polymers as recognition elements on the sensor surface. Oral talk by Prof. Samuel Mugo, MacEwan University, Canada was on multi-responsive hydrogel based wearable sensors for plants/animals metabolic stress analytics. In this talk, data highlighting the sensor platforms when applied for dosimetric and real-time monitoring of metabolic stress biomarkers in plants and animals was discussed. Oral talk by Dr. Wei-Ling Chen, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan was on ultrasound stimulating cilostazol-loaded Fe3O4 -embedded PLGA polymersomes of angiogenesis mechanism. This study was on the in-vivo PAOD animal model. The last oral talk of the session was by Nicolas Gaignebet, Université de Lyon, France on the development of photonic crystal-based biosensors for applications to point-of-care diagnostics. The presented work was focused on the optical characterization of the biosensing chip. The original optical setup developed during the project was described along with experimental conditions. The evaluation of the optical performances of the samples in terms of sensitivity, stability, and reproducibility was presented. In addition, preliminary label-free bio-detection experiments were also discussed.
International Consortium on Translational Composites Research and Innovation
Wednesday, 12 June 2019, Time: 18.45 – 19.30 at Auditorium B, Conference Centre, M/S Mariella, Viking Line
On the 26th assembly of AMC, an International Consortium was organized on the Translational Composites Research & Innovations with the major aim to induce global cooperation and provide a platform to build multi-inter-trans-disciplinary projects by sharing knowledge, building joint infrastructures for grants applications, commercial IPRs, high-quality publications, etc.
The IAAM consortium panelists initiate the program during the assembly of Advanced Materials Congress to exchange of translational ideas, sharing breakthroughs, joint infrastructures, IPRs, high-quality publications, joint projects, etc. The Objectives of International Consortium was as follows:
- To create a global cooperation platform
- To implement projects by sharing knowledge, building joint infrastructures in terms of IPR, high-quality publications, etc.
- To improve the efficiency of cooperation by external funding’s, etc.
- To disseminate translational research
- To build technology for market
The IAAM consortium opens for institutional and individual participants to share their views of point in line with their expertise. Important view and steps were discussed by experts covering topics of field-specific conversation related to training and funding support, the best infrastructure of company and limitation of academic, mutual support and benefit, commercialized technology and thinking gap, best policy and possible collaboration, translational research, and technology. The consortium was run with a defined agenda as mentioned below:
- 1st and 2nd Panelists- Experience of Research and Technology infrastructure and implementation in a global platform
- 3rd and 4th Panelists- Experience of external funding’s, joint ventures to disseminate translational research
- 5th and 6th Panelists- How to build technology for the market?
- 7th and 8th Panelist- Important message and suggestion
- 9th Panellist– Next follow-up and conclude the consortium with future plan
The nine panelists, having vast experience in the innovations, and technology of their respective fields to sharing knowledge, joint infrastructures, commercial IPRs, high-quality publications, etc.
Minutes of 26th AMC Consortium
The 26th AMC consortium was focused on Translational Composites Research and Innovation related to new-age research, innovations, and technology with the primary aim to bridge industry and academia in order to stimulate global cooperation and create a platform for building the multi-inter-trans-disciplinary projects.
An international consortium on Translational Composites Research and Innovation opened with world-class panelists. ©IAAM Media
The 26th AMC consortium ran with a defined agenda and was always open to all participants for sharing their view of point inline of their expertise. Important views and steps were discussed by all the material scientists, academicians, industry specialist and research professionals on topics related to Translational Composites research and innovation.
In brief, the consortium started with the objective being read out aloud and a formal introduction with everyone. Prof. Woon, from Hong Kong, discussed market issues and product launching experiences. He emphasized the importance of marketing for the success of a product. Prof. Ruxandra from Canada focused on key issues of funding in research organizations and parallel opportunities with industry collaborations. Prof. Zhang from Australia talked about the diversified rules and opportunities in various countries and the requirement of good technology platforms for the market. Prof. Koo from the USA shared the journey of academia and industry relations and suggested to use talent, and fundraising opportunities for research and technology. Prof. Fukuda from Japan discussed the need to identify the fundamental and basic technologies and connect them in a single interdisciplinary platform for the best delivery. Prof. Zhuang from China emphasized more on the quality research of product characterization and the perfect time to develop technologies for a better response from the market. It was asserted that these adaptive processes can prove to be really helpful in order to obtain maximum benefit during the commercialization process Prof. Fugetsu from Japan focused on the production of a huge quantity of a high-quality product by recruitment of young and talented scientific and engineer staff. Prof. Han from China suggested product-specific research and characterization for a better opportunity in the market in terms of profit.
Finally, the meeting was concluded by Prof. Ashutosh Tiwari, Sweden by combining everyone’s view and objective of consortium. Dr. Tiwari talked about the importance of innovation selection of, talented researchers and technologists. He suggested that an understanding of the market and commercialization potential is a must for better funding opportunities. Additionally, how to carry the idea and convert it in a product is also an important part of research, training, and management to get real and sure success. To conclude, Professor Ashutosh Tiwari thanked everyone and announced certain possibilities of future benefits like an idea of interest, open discussion platform and collaboration opportunities with panelists and experts under the IAAM consortium platform. Finally, the desired objectives of the consortium were accomplished with the active participation of the delegates and the minutes were circulated for the next follow-up meetings.
Plenary Session III was conducted on the 4th day of the 26th assembly of AMC. It included three keynote lectures that covered materials research related to behavior, nanocomposites, and phase transition. This session was chaired by Prof. Wallace Woon Fong Leung, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
The 1st keynote lecture was delivered by Prof. Zdenek Drozd, Faculty, Charles University, Czech Republic. The topic of the lecture was Mechanical and thermal properties of selected advanced mg-based materials, which described, that mechanical as well as thermomechanical properties, were influenced by the texture of investigated materials. This influence, which represents a very complex problem, was analyzed and possible mechanisms of the observed mechanical and thermomechanical behavior were discussed in detail.
Prof. Drozd is involved in several international programs focused on physics education and the popularization of physics. He has been involved in the European program ‘Science on Stage’ since 2000.
The 2nd keynote lecture was delivered by Prof. Robert F. Tournier, University of Grenoble Alpes, France on glacial phases and glass composites. Prof. Tournier delivered a lecture about the renewed nucleation equation and predicted the glass and the glacial phase transition temperatures. His research data indicated that enthalpy and entropy are determined knowing the crystal melting enthalpy. He is Professor at University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, France. Prof. Tournier was Research Director at CNRS Grenoble in 2000. He is currently working in glacial composites. His research is focused on Predicting Phase Transitions in Glass and other liquid-to-liquid transitions. His group showed the appearance of magnetic moments in clusters of transition atoms and the existence of scaling laws for diluted spin glasses.
Eminent speakers in the plenary session III during the 26th assembly of AMC. ©IAAM Media
The last keynote lecture of this session was delivered by Prof. Wallace Woon Fong Leung, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong on the topic: ‘Novel Composite Nanofiber Filter for Air Filtration’. Prof. Leung described that he had embedded 2D graphene roll in TiO2 composite nanofibers that can harvest visible light and breakdown formaldehyde gas 3x better than the gold standard of TiO2 25-microns nanoparticles (P25). On harmful gases such as Nox that leads to smog, it can convert NO and ultimately to nitric acid 7X better than P25. Recently, he had affixed these nanofibers onto surfaces that allow the wide application of the technology for air/water purifications.
Prof. Leung is Chair Professor of Innovative Products and Technologies, Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Wallace received BSc from Cornell, and MS and ScD degrees both from MIT. He developed various novel nanofiber technologies with applications to clean energy and the environment. He uses nanofibers for improving light harvesting, light trapping and electron transport in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells.
Session 22 was an interactive session that covered many aspects of 2D materials and chemical technology through three invited and three oral presentations. This session was conducted on the 4th day of the 26th assembly of AMC and was chaired by three eminent professors. The three invited lectures of this session covered atomic-scale characterization and dynamics of two-dimensional in-se materials, description of producing fuel hydrocarbon from CO2 & activated the water, and binder-free sheet-type sulfide-based all-solid-state batteries for high rate performance. The first oral talk described the process of determination of chromium in ferrochrome by ICP-AES by fusion with potassium nitrate & sodium hydroxide. The second oral talk was on epidermal electrodes with enhanced breathability and high sensing performance. The last oral talk of the session was related to a piezo-electronic converter based on two-dimensional MoS2 /WSe2 hetero-structures.
Cultural and Social activities in two Scandinavian capitals
The AMC 26th assembly also gave the delegates an opportunity to explore the Scandinavian culture, food, historical monuments, etc. It put them in a unique setting to spend more time with colleagues to exchange new ideas, discuss possibilities of collaboration and at the same time enjoy the natural beauty of Scandinavia. Scandinavian culture is unique and in the evening of the 2nd and 3rd day, as part of the conference program, the delegates were offered a special taste of Scandinavia through cultural and social activities.
Cultural and Social activity during the congress at two Scandinavian capitals. ©IAAM Media
The evening cultural program gave the delegate’s exposure to regional languages and culture. Live concerts and music produced a melodious environment and gave the delegates a chance to enjoy. The spacious dining rooms onboard along with the taste of real Scandinavia breakfast, lunch, and dinner also added to the quality of the experience.
To add to the social exposure already obtained by the cultural program, the delegates also visited the City Hall of Stockholm, which is considered a symbol of Swedish nationalism and the best tourist attraction of the city. Further, they enjoyed the beautiful view of Stockholm city from the top of city monuments, which expanded their knowledge of city structure, houses and small passages leading down to the harbor. Delegates also visited Heleneborg, Alfred Nobel’s house, where he had discovered dynamite. A journey through the beautiful city alongside lakes and sea via a guided tour in Helsinki and Stockholm was fantastic and informative to the delegates. These tours provided the delegates insight into the impressive architecture and historical buildings of the Scandinavia region.
Cultural and Social activity and Scandinavian capitals @Stockholm and Helsinki sightseeing. © IAAM Media
While cruising from Stockholm to Helsinki, the delegates also got the chance to experience the lovely Archipelago surroundings, narrow passages, and extremely attractive countryside. It gave everyone a chance to be in direct contact with true nature.
Closing Ceremony and Awards Announcement
In the closing ceremony of the 26th assembly of AMC, Dr. Ashutosh Tiwari, Secretary-General, IAAM announced the awards for the best oral and poster presentations. He expressed his gratitude to the scientific community members for sharing their experiences, advice, and brilliant suggestions in the interdisciplinary congress. He thanked the organizing committee for evaluating and selecting the awardees for the oral and poster presentation categories. Three best oral presentations were awarded to Kevin Breuer, Nicolas Gaignebet and Daniel Petho on the basis of the evaluation by the committee. Kevin Breuer, Technical University, Germany presented had presented a talk on “Numerical analyzation of homogenized failure criteria for short fiber reinforced composites using statistical volume elements”. Nicolas Gaignebet, University of Lyon, France had presented a talk on “Development of photonic crystal-based biosensors for applications to point-of-care diagnostics”. Daniel Petho, University of Miskolc, Hungary had presented a talk on “Molybdenum based metal matrix composites reinforced with ceramic particles”.
Best Oral and Poster Awards of the 26th assembly of AMC. © IAAM Media
The two best poster presentations were awarded to Runda Aduldejcharas and Cagri Tartan on the basis of the evaluation by the committee. Runda Aduldejcharas, University of Strathclyde, UK had presented a poster on “The Morphogenesis of Interlocking Brick: Bioactive Composite Materials in Tropical Zone (Thailand)”, which described the possibility of use of Perna Viridis and Pomacea Canaliculata shells for Interlocking Brick. Cagri Tartan, Hacettepe University, Turkey, had presented a poster on the Cryogel-based phosphate imprinted column for phospho-amino acid preconcentration during proteomic analysis.
Final Remark and Indoscandic Organisation
In the concluding remarks, Professor Ashutosh Tiwari mentioned that the success of a congress eventually depends on the team efforts of all those who plan and organize the technical programs and arrange for the hospitality. Prof. Tiwari said that the Congress was successful because of the well-organized 26th assembly of AMC. As the organizer, he thanked all the speakers, scientific committee members, session chairs, poster jury, Institute of Advanced Materials, VBRI AB, and M/S Mariella, Viking Line. Dr. Tiwari acknowledged the cooperation offered by Teemu Saikkonen, in-charge of the conference center, M/S Mariella since 2015 and expressed best wishes for his upcoming retirement day. Dr. Tiwari concluded by acknowledging the support and cooperation of the IAAM Media, Sweden and Indoscandic Organization, Oslo, Norway.